For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help: IPA.Italian is an official language in Italy, Switzerland, San Marino, Vatican City and western Istria (in Slovenia and Croatia).Not only do we offer you products, but also branding with many of our products customisable to promote your brand using your corporate identity (logo, contact information, etc.).Our in-house team works with your pre-designed files to promote your company at sporting events, corporate sponsorship days and even in retail with our beds branded under your name.In fact, the earliest surviving texts that can definitely be called Italian (or more accurately, vernacular, as distinct from its predecessor Vulgar Latin) are legal formulae known as the Placiti Cassinesi from the Province of Benevento that date from 960–963, although the Veronese Riddle, probably from the 8th or early 9th century, contains a late form of Vulgar Latin that can be seen as a very early Italian dialect.What would come to be thought of as Italian was first formalized in the early 14th century through the works of Tuscan writer Dante Alighieri, written in his native Florentine.During the Middle Ages, the established written language in Europe was Latin.With the great majority of people illiterate, however, only a handful were well versed in the language.
These dialects (as they are commonly referred to as) were derived from Vulgar Latin over the course of centuries, evolving naturally unaffected by formal standards and teachings.
Its development was also influenced by other Italian languages and to some minor extent, by the Germanic languages of the post-Roman invaders.
The incorporation into Italian of learned, or "bookish" words from its own ancestor language, Latin, is arguably another form of lexical borrowing through the influence of written language and the liturgical language of the Church.
Italian is a major European language, being one of the official languages of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe and one of the working languages of the Council of Europe.
It is the third most widely spoken first language in the European Union with 69 million native speakers (13% of the EU population) and it is spoken as a second language by 16 million EU citizens (3%).