After a while, it occurred to me that the materials thus collected might serve as a PREFA CE. The impulse thus given to the study of the play led to my continuing to devote attention to it, after taking my degree, and to my including it from time to time, in and after 1869, among the subjects of my College lectures.
They also shew a certain interdependence on one another; thus, the allusions, in the first Stasimon,, to the places where Dionysus is worshipped, find their echo in the reference to the god's own haunts in the second; the longing for liberty expressed in the second is after an interval caught up by a similar strain in the third; while the moral reflexions of the first are to some extent repeated in the last. The only other course would have involved having a chorus that was either coldly neutral, or actually hostile to the worship of Dionysus, and therefore out of harmony with the object of the play. lxix where, shortly before the tumult of the wild revels of the IValplorisnaci/t, we find Faust quietly talking to Mephistopheles about the charm of silently threading the mazes of the valleys, and of climbing the crags from which the ever-babbling fountain falls, when the breath of spring has already wakened the birch into life, and is just quickening the lingering pine'. In these denunciations of r') o'oro/v, are we really listening to the pupil of Anaxagoras, to him whom his Athenian admirers called the 'philosopher of the stage2,' to the most book-learned of the great Tragic writers of 1 Bathos of this kind is unavoidable whenever the didactic style of poetry follows closely on an instance of a higher type. 158 E, 6 KIv Kh'b S o VTro S 0X6'o0-os, Vitruvius, Book v III, Preface. Further, I have, as far as possible, gone on the principle of quoting parallel passages in full, instead of contenting myself with a bare reference, considering the former course not only more convenient to the reader, but also fairer in every way, as by this means any argument that rests upon a quotation can at once have its due weight assigned to it,-neither less nor more. A few suggestions of my own, which I venture to submit to the judgment of scholars, will be found in the notes on the following lines: I26, 135, 147, 209, 251, 278, 327, 550, 1002, I008, 1157, I207, I365. of Oxford and Cambridge respectively, for indicating several of the subjects suitable to my purpose, among the treasures of art entrusted to his keeping in the British Museum: and to the Reverend C. King, Senior Fellow of Trinity, for allowing me to consult him on the particular province of ancient art in which he is a recognised master. Those who have ever had to spend much time in looking up references will, I think, agree with me in holding that few things are more vexatious than to find a particular opinion on a doubtful point supported by an array of references which may or may not be relevant, but all of which have to be tested in detail before any further advance can be made. In the case of one or two of them, it is some slight gratification to find them to a certain extent confirmed by their having independently occurred to others. I am further specially indebted to Messrs George Bell and Sons, the publishers of Mr King's Antique Gemns and RPilngs (1872), for allowing electrotypes to be taken for this book from woodcuts used in that admirable work; eleven of the illustrations (including a gem in the Fitzwilliam Museum, originally engraved for the Syndics of the University Press) are, with the author's kind concurrence, borrowed from the comprehensive series there published. Those who shared that advantage -r- ~ will long remember his happy renderings, and his brief and pointed criticisms, which had the rare merit, Ad of being sufficient for their immediate purpose, while at the same time they were calculated to stimulate the student to further investigation on his own account. FOR my earliest interest in the celebrated, though often far from easy, play, a new edition of which is here offered to the public, I am indebted to the fact that, some fifteen years ago, in common with many other students in this University, I had the advantage of attending a course of lectures upon it, by the Reverend W. Thompson, the present Master of Trinity College, who was at that time Regius Professor of Greek.